What to do When Planning for a Pregnancy
There are many things to keep in mind during your reproductive years, especially if you are planning or trying to get pregnant. Below, we have provided some initial advice. For complete care, please give us a call to make an appointment at (852) 3112 0480
- Optimise your nutrition
One of the best things you can do when planning for a pregnancy is to optimise your nutrition. This has been shown to improve the chances of a healthy pregnancy. As well, folic acid supplements may be taken 3 months before conception to prevent your baby having abnormalities of the spine.
- Optimise your health
Along with looking after your diet, maintaining a healthy body and outlook can also dramatically improve your chances of a healthy pregnancy. Things to consider (if you have any of these conditions) is to get treatment for thyroid problems, diabetes, epilepsy or any other chronic conditions. We recommend getting a preconception checkup to minimise any risks.
- Review any medications you may be taking.
If you’re planning a pregnancy, you should seek medical advice on the effect of any medication you may be currently taking to ensure that they will not negatively impact your pregnancy.
Having Difficulty Getting Pregnant?
- Concerned with your fertility potential?
Infertility affects 10-15% of couples. The thought of infertility can cause extreme anxiety and this may in turn make it more difficult for you to become pregnant. If you are concerned with your fertility potential, have an assessment by a gynaecologist and then schedule your family planning.
Want to Avoid Pregnancy?
If you are not ready to get pregnant, but are sexually active, there are a number of contraception methods that can reduce the risk of an unwanted pregnancy.
The proper use of a condom is 90% effective against an unwanted pregnancy. Always ensure a condom is used at the very beginning of intercourse and every time you have intercourse. If a condom bursts, see a gynaecologist for emergency contraception within 24 hours of intercourse. Emergency contraception is effective up to up to 5 days after intercourse but is more effective the sooner it is taken.
- Hormonal contraception
Hormonal contraception is often suitable for young healthy women and the latest brands have minimal side effects. You can decide which type is suitable for you in conjunction with a gynaecological examination and explanation of risks by a gynaecologist. The choice between daily oral pills, weekly patches, monthly or 3-monthly injectables depends on your health, your memory and discipline to use them and the side effects that you may experience.
- IUCD, Copper coils or Mirena
IUCD, Copper coils or Mirena are very effective, convenient and can last for five years. Mirena is a coil with hormonal treatment, may be particularly suitable for women who cannot tolerate the side effects of the contraceptive pill or who have period problems.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
The proper use of a condom will reduce (but not completely eliminate) the risk of STDs. There are many types of STD including gonorrhea, chlamydia, trichomonas, syphilis, HIV, herpes, and warts. Screening before embarking on intercourse will reduce the risk of exposure to STD’s.
Virtually all STDs are treatable and most of them are curable with simple treatment. Yeast infections are common in women, especially in humid climates, and are easily mistaken for STD. Do not be afraid or too embarrassed to see a gynaecologist for a checkup or treatment.